Surendra K. Saxena

Publication categories

  1. Geoscience/geochmistry/geophysics: total number 42
  2. Thermodynamics and thermodynamic databases, 49
  3. High pressure science, 56
  4. Planetary Chemistry and Physics, 12
  5. Nanomaterials, 9
  6. Energy Storage, 13
  7. Materials sceince (ceramics and metals), 117



1. Thermodynamics of rock-forming crystalline solutions. S. K. Saxena, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1973.
Published as volume 8 of the Minirock Series; the book deals with the thermodynamics of solution models with application to common rock-forming minerals such as olivine, pyroxenes and plagioclases. It particularly emphasizes the theoretical and experimental aspects of cation order-disorder in minerals and the composition of coexisting phases.
Published in Russian by MIR publications, 1975, Ed. L.L.Perchuk.Translated into Chinese, 1979.

2. Chemical Petrology: with applications to terrestrial planets and meteorites. R.F. Mueller and
S. K. Saxena. Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977.
The book deals with the physical chemistry of rocks and associated fluids. The unity of approach of thermodynamics and kinetics to processes in the diverse terrestrial and planetary environments is stressed in the book with numerous examples to enlighten different aspects of the subject.
Translated into Russian by MIR publishers in 1979.Translated into Chinese in 1983.

3. Mixtures and Mineral Reactions.  J.Ganguly and S.K.Saxena; Springer-Verlag, 1987.
Published as volume 19 of the Minerals and Rocks Series (Ed. P.J. Wyllie), the book is a review and research monograph on physical chemistry of minerals. It brings together concepts of classical thermodynamics, solution models, and atomic ordering and interactions that constitute a major basis of a systematic analysis of the compositional properties and phase relations in natural rocks.
4. Thermodynamic data on oxides and silicates. S.K.Saxena, N. Chatterjee, Y. Fei and G. Shen. Springer Verlag, 1994.
The book aims to provide an internally consistent thermodynamic data base which can be used globally at any pressure and temperature in the earth. There is a particular emphasis on the interrelationship among the thermodynamic variables at high pressure and temperature.
5. Thermodynamic data on oxides in the Fe-Mg-Si-O system. O.Fabrichnaya, S.K.Saxena, Pascal Richet and E. Westrun. Springer Verlag, 2004.
6. Chemical Thermodynamics of Tin. H. Gamsjaeger,T.Gajda, S. K. Saxena, James Sangster, Wolfgang Voigt. OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, Paris France, 2012.

Editorial work

Energetics of Geological Processes: Hans Ramberg Volume, Edit. Saxena and Bhattacharji. Springer-Verlag, 1977.

Advances in Physical Geochemistry; Series editor: S.K.Saxena,
Springer-Verlag,(beginning with volume 1, 1981).
This series has been designed to assess periodically the progress of research in the very important field of application of physical chemistry, physics and modern numerical techniques to planetary chemical and physical problems. The topics are of general interest to scientists of many disciplines such as ceramics, material science, metallurgy, crystallography, inorganic and physical chemistry and of course geochemistry and geophysics. Besides providing modern reviews and original research, the volumes are expected to influence the direction of the applications of the basic sciences to geosciences.

APG Series Volumes edited by S. K. Saxena:
Volume 2. Fe-Mg order-disorder in silicates and other topics,1982.
Volume 3. Kinetics and equilibrium in mineral reactions,1983.
Volume 6.  Chemistry  and Physics of Terrestrial  Planets,1986.
Volume 10. Thermodynamic Data Systematics, Springer Verlag, 1992.


Inhomogeneous and strongly correlated materials and the study of matter at extreme conditions. Proc of the conference SMEC2003 (eds: Saini, Saxena and Bansil) J.Phys. Chem. Solids, 65, 0022-3697, 2004.
Proc of the conference SMEC2003 (eds: Saini, Yang, Saxena and Bansil) J.Phys. Chem. Solids, 2006.
Proc of the conference SMEC2003 (eds: Saini, Saxena and Bansil) J.Phys. Chem. Solids,  2008.

Publications (no name = single author publication)

10. Distribution of elements between coexisting muscovite and biotite and crystal-chemical  role of Ti in micas.  Neues Jahrb. Abh. 105, 1-17,1966.
11. Distribution  of   elements  between  coexisting   biotite   and hornblende in metamorphic Caledonides.  Neues Jahrb.  Monatshefte 3,67-80, 1966.
12. A note on the origin of zircons.  Geol. Forh. Stockholm 86, 1966.
13. Evolution of zircons in sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. Sedimentology, 6,1-33,1966.

14. Intracrystalline  chemical variations in certain calcic pyroxenes biotites.  Neues Jahrb.  Mineral. Mh. 107, 299-316, 1967.
15. Chemical study of coexisting rock-forming silicates. Acta Univ. Uppsaliensis 86, 1967.
16. Present status of zircons.  Sedimentology 10, 209-216, 1968.
17. Evolution of zirocns.   A reply to Karlsbeck, Sedimentology 10, 145-146, 1968.
18. Distribution of elements between coexisting garnet and pyroxene in rocks of varying  metamorphic  grade.  Amer. Miner. 53, 2018-2024, 1968.
19. Chemical study of phase equilibria in Charnockites, Varberg, Amer. Mineral. 53, 1674-1695, 1968.
20.  Distribution of elements in coexisting minerals and the nature of solid solution in garnet. Amer. Mineral. 53, 994-1014, 1968.
21. Nature of mixing in ferromagnesian silicates and the significance the distribution coefficient.  N. Jahrb. Mh.  8,  275-286.
22. Crystal-chemical aspects of distribution of ions among coexisting rock-forming silicates. N. Jahrb. M. 108, 291-323, 1968.

23. A  statistical  approach  to the study of  phase equilibria in multicomponent systems.  Lithos, 3, 25-36, 1969.
24. Silicate solid solution and geothermometry:  4.  A statistical study of chemical data on coexisting garnet and  clinopyroxene. Contr. Min. Petrol. 23, 140-156, 1969.
25. Silicate solid solutions and geothermometry:  3. Distributions of Fe and Mg between coexisting garnet and  biotite.  Contr.  Min. Petrol., 259-267, 1969.
26. Silicate solid solutions and geothermometry:  2. Distributions of Fe and Mg between coexisting olivine and pyroxene. Contr. Miner. Petrol., 22,147-156,1969.
27. Report of the International Paragenetic Commission,  Vol. 1, 41-47.

30. Analysis of equilibria involving garnet.  Amer. Jour. of Science, 267.523-528, 1969.

3 2. Distribution of  iron and magnesium in coexisting  minerals  and nature of solution in cordierite.  Amer.  J.  Sci.267, 210-216, 1970.
33. Order-disorder and the activity-composition relation in a binary solution. (S.K.Saxena and  S. Ghose) Amer. Min. 55, 1219-1225, 1970.
34. Partitioning of cations between coexisting single and miltisite phases:A discussion   (Mueller, Ghose and  Saxena) Geochim. Acta, 1356-1360, 1970.
35. Statistical  chemistry  of  calcic amphiboles  (S.K.Saxena and T.  Ekstrom) Contr.  Mineral. and Petrol. 26, 276-284, 1970.

36. Mg-Fe order-disorder  and  the  thermodynamics  of   the pyroxene crystalline solution.   (S.K.Saxena and S.  Ghose) Amer.  Min. 56,532-559, 1971.
37. Mg-Fe order-disorder in orthopyroxene and the distribution of elements in coexisting  minerals. Lithos 4, 345-354, 1971.

38. Computer programs for calculation of thermodynamic functions of in crystalline  solutions. (with P. Comella).  NASA, Ex- document X-641-72-249, 1972.
39. Applications of thermodynamics to silicate crystalline solutions. Tech. Note, TN D-6980,      October, 1972.
40. Activity-composition relations in feldspars.  (S.K.Saxena and P.H.Ribbe).Contr.   Mineral.and Petrol. 37, 131-138, 1972.
41. Retrieval of thermodynamic data from a study of intracrystalline and intercrystalline  equilibrium in minerals.  Amer.  Min.  57, 800, 1972.

Book : Thermodynamics  of  rock-forming  crystalline  solutions. Springer-Verlag. 1973.

42. Order-disorder in silicates. Jhingran Volume. Hind. Publ. Co.
43. Order-disorder in sillimanite. Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 48.

46. Enstatite-diopside solvus and pyroxene geothermometry. Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 49, 259-267 (S.K.Saxena and C. E. Nehru).

47. Entropy estimate of some silicates at 298 K from molar volumes. Science 193, 1241-1242.
48. Two-pyroxene geothermometer: A model with an approximate solution. Amer. Mineral.
49. Chemical equilibrium in lunar rocks (S.K.Saxena and M. Deb). Lithos.

50. Moon - an albite depleted giant Skaergaard? Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 60, 77-90.   (S. K. Saxena, A. Benimoff, N. Pingitore).
51.  Formation of Fe-Ni-Si planetary cores. Nature. 270, 333-334.
52.  A method of estimating entropy of silicates. Science, 1977.
53.  Entropy estimate of garnets and other silicates. A reply. Science. 1977.
54. The charnockite geotherm. Science, 198, 614-617, 1977.
55. The pressure and temperature of formation of charnockites. Indian Journ. of Earth   Sciences.
56. A new electronegativity scale for geochemists. Hans Ramberg volume: Energetics of Geological Processes. Springer-Verlag.

57. Multivariate statistical analysis: an application to Lunar mineralogy, Ind. J. Earth Sci., 1,  77-94 (M. Deb and S. K. Saxena), 1978.
58. Garnet-clinopyroxene geothermometer. Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 70, 229-235, (1979).
59. The MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 system: Free energy of pyrope and Al2O3-enstatite.  Geochim.Cosmochim. Acta, 45,821-825 (1981).
60. High temperature Planetary phase equilibria: Application to formation of Earth, Venus    and Mercury. Geochim. Acta, 45, 813-820, (1981).
61. Fictive component model of pyroxenes and multicomponent phase equilibria. Contr.  Mineral. 1981.

62. Computation of multicomponent equilibria; InAdvances in Phys. Geochem. Vol. 2, 1982.
63. Low to medium temperature phase equilibria in a gas of solar composition. (S. K. Saxena,   G. Eriksson); Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett. 65 (1983), 7-16.
64. High temperature phase equilibria in a gas of solar composition. (S. K. Saxena, G.  riksson); Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 47 (1983), 1865-1874.
65. Theoretical computation of mineral assemblages in pyrolite and lherzolite. (S. K. Saxena, G. Eriksson); J. Petrology, 24 (1983), 538-555.
66. Problems of two-pyroxene geothermometry; Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett. 65 (1983).
67. Exsolution and Fe-Mg order-disorder in pyroxenes; In Advances in Phys. Geochem. V. 3.
68. Mixing properties of aluminosilicate garnets: constraints from natural and experimental data and applications to geothermo-barometry. (J. Ganguly and S. K. Saxena);  Amer. Mineral. Dec,1984.
69. Petrogenetic application of Mg-Fe order-disorder in orthopyroxene. (S. K. Saxena, A. Dal Negro); Bull. Min. Soc. Fr. 106 (1983), 443-449.

70. Anhydrous phase equilibria in Earth's Upper Mantle; J. Petrol. 26, 378-390.     .K. Saxena, G. Eriksson.

71. Chemistry of formation of terrestrial planets; InAdv. Phys. Geochem., 6, 30-101.
72. A thermochemical database for phase equilibria in the system Fe-Mg-Si-O at high    pressure and temperature; Phys. Chem. Minerals. Y. Fei and S. K. Saxena,13,311-324.
73. Thermochemical data on mineral phases,I. The system CaO- MgO-Al2O3-SiO2:   J. Petrol., 27, 827-842 (S. K. Saxena, N. Chatterjee).
74. Phase equilibria in the pyroxene quadrilateral.(S. K. Saxena, J. Sykes & G. Eriksson);    J. Petrol., 27, 843-852.
75. Some binary and ternary silicate solution models. (Fei, Saxena and Eriksson); Contr.Mineral.Petrol. 94, 221-229 .

76. High pressure and high temperature fluid fugacitites; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta. (Saxena and Fei), 51,783-791, 1987.
77. Fluids at crustal pressures and temperatures; Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 95, 370-375, 1987 (Saxena and Fei).
78. X-ray structural refinement study of Fe-Mg order-disorder in orthopyroxene; Phys. Chem.  Mineral (Saxena, Molin, Domeneghetti, Tazzoli), 16, 421-427.

79. A new heat capacity equation for minerals at high temperatures and pressure; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 51, 251-254, 1988. (Fei and Saxena).
80. A note on P-V-T equation of H2 at high pressure and temperature; Geochim.Cosmochim.  Acta 51, 1988. (Saxena and Fei).
81. Fluid mixtures in the C-H-O system at high pressure and temperature; Geochim.  Cosmochim. Acta 52, 505-512 (1988) (Saxena and Fei).
82. Phase equilibrium in a system of chondritic composition:implications for early mantle fluid; J.Geology, 96, 601-607 (1988). (Saxena and Fei).
83. Kinetics of  Fe-Mg order-disorder in aluminous orthopyroxene; Phys. Chem. Mineral. 15, 140-147 (1988) (Saxena, Domeneghetti, Tazzoli)
84. Assessment of thermal expansion, bulk modulus and heat capacity of enstatite andforsterite; J. Phys. Chem. Solids 49, 1233-1235 (1988).

85. Assessment of bulk modulus, thermal expansion and heat capacity of minerals. Geochim Cocmochim. Acta 53, 785-789, (1989).
86. Oxidation state of the mantle. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 53, 89-95 (1989)
87. Assessed high-temperature thermochemical data on some solids. J. Phys. Chem. Solids  (1989) (Saxena and Zhang).
S. K. Saxena · M. C. Domeneghetti · G. M. Molin · V. Tazzoli  X-ray diffraction study of Fe2+-Mg order-disorder in orthopyroxene. Some kinetic results  Apr 1989 · Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

88. Thermochemical and P-V-T systematics of data on solids, examples: Tungsten and MgO;  Phys. Chem. Mineral.  17, 45-51 (1990) (Saxena and Zhang).
89. The thermochemical data in the MgO-SiO2 system; J. Geophys. Res. 95, 6915-6928,
1990, (Fei, Saxena, Navrotsky).

90. A molecular dynamics study of the pressure-volume-temperature properties of super- critical fluids: I. H2O. Belonoshko and Saxena, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 55, 381-     
388, 1991.
91. A molecular dynamics study of the pressure-volume-temperature properties of super-critical fluids: II. CO2,CH4,CO,O2 and H2. Belonoshko and Saxena, Geochm.  Cosmochim.  Acta 55, 3191-3208, 1991
92. Iron-magnesium order-disorder in an orthopyroxene crystal from the Johnstown   meteorite. Earth & Planet. Sci. Lett. 105, 260-265, 1991.
93. Sublattice solid solution model and its application to orthopyroxene (Mg,Fe)2Si2O6. Shi,  P.F., Saxena, S. K., and Sundman, Bo  (1991)  Phys Chem Mineral  18: 393-405.
94. Shi, P.F., Saxena, S. K., and Sundman, Bo  (1991)  Sublattice solid solution model and its application to orthopyroxene (Mg,Fe)2Si2O6.  Phys Chem Mineral  18: 393-405.
95. Thermodynamic properties of andradite and application to skarn. Z.Zhang and S. K. Saxena. Contr. Mineral. Petrol., 107:255-263.
G.M. Molin · S.K. Saxena · E. Brizi: Iron-Magnesium order-disorder in an orthopyroxene crystal from the Johnstown meteorite  Jul 1991 · Earth and Planetary Science Letters

96. Equations of state of fluids at high temperature and pressure. Belonoshko and Saxena.   Advances in Phys. Geochem.  10, Springer-Verlag, 1992.
97. Assessed data on heat capcity, thermal expansion and compressibility for some oxides   and silicates. S. K. Saxena and G. Shen. J. Geophys. Res. 97, 19813-19825 (1992).
98. A unified equation of state for fluids of C-H-O-N-S-Ar composition and their mixtures up  to very hugh temperatures and pressures. Belonoshko and Saxena. Geochim. Cosmochim.  Acta 56,3611-3626 (1992).
99. Thermodynamic modeling of the C-H-O-S fluid system. P. Shi and S. K. Saxena, Amer.  Mineral. 77, 1038-1049. (1992).
100. SUPERFLUID:  A FORTRAN-77 program for calculation of Gibbs free energy an  volume of the C-H-O-S-N-Ar mixtures. Belonoshko, A.B., Shi, P.F., and Saxena, S. K.  (1992) Computer and Geosciences, 18, 1267-1269.
101. Shi, P. F., and Saxena, S. K. (1992) Phase equilibria and fluid proportions in the   Ca-Fe-Si-C-H-O-S system.  American Mineralogist, 77, 1038-1049.
Pingfang Shi · S. K. Saxena · Bo Sundman Sublattice solid solution model and its application to orthopyroxene (Mg, Fe)2Si2O6 · Feb 1992 · Physics and Chemistry of Minerals

102. Laser heated diamond anvil cell experiments at high pressure: melting curve of nickel up   to 700 kbar. P. Lazor, G. Shen and S. K. Saxena, Phys. Chem. Mineral. 20, 86-90 (1993).
103. Melting of wustite and iron up to 600 kbar. G. Shen, P. Lazor and S. K. Saxena, Phys. Chem. Mineral. 20, 91-95 (1993).
104. Experimental evidence for a new iron phase and implications for Earth's core.S. K. Saxena, G. Shen and P. Lazor, Science, 260,1312-1314 (1993).
105. Saxena, S. K., Shen, G. and Lazor, P., Temperatures in the Earth's core based on highpressure melting and phase transformation in iron; Science, 264, 405-407.

106. Shi, P. F., Zhang, Z. R., Saxena, S. K. and Sundman, B. (1994), The energetic  relations in the Ca-Mg-Fe-Al-Si-O pyroxene systems:  I. Theoretical model an  assessment of the Ca-Mg-Si-O system; Calphad, 18, 47-69.
107. Swamy, V., Saxena, S. K., Sundman, B. and  Zhang, J. (1994), A thermodynamic assessment of the silica phase diagram;  J. Geophys. Res. 99, 11787-11794.
108. Swamy, V., Saxena, S. K. and Sundman, B. (1994), An assessment of the one-bar liquidus phase relations in the MgO-SiO2 system; Calphad, 18, 157-164.

109. Saxena, S. K (1995), Earth’s core; Current Science, 69, 914-917.
110. Saxena, S. K., Dubrovinsky, L. S., Häggqvist, P., Cerenius, Y., Shen, G. and Mao,   H. K. (1995), Synchrotron x-ray study of iron at high pressure and temperature; Science, 269, 1703-1704.

111. Lazor, P. and Saxena, S. K. (1996) Discussion comment on melting criteria and  imaging spectroradiometry in laser-heated diamond-cell experiments (by R. Jeanloz &   A. Kavner), Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 354, 1307-1313.
112. Saxena, S. K. (1996) Earth mineralogical model: Gibbs free energy minimization computation in the system MgO-FeO-SiO2; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 60, 2379- 2395.
Pingfang Shi · S. K. Saxena · Zheru Zhang · B. Sundman Reassessment of the Ca-Mg-Si-O pyroxenes · Mar 1996 · Calphad
113. Saxena, S. K. and Dubrovinsky, L. S. (1996) Nd-YAG laser heating temperatur  measurements in a diamond anvil cell. In: Advanced Materials ’96. Proceedings of   the 3rd NIRIM ISAM ‘96, Tsukuba, Japan, March 4-8, 1996, pp. 137-142.
114. Saxena, S. K., Dubrovinsky, L. S. and Häggkvist, P. (1996), X-ray evidence for the  new phase b-iron at high temperature and high pressure;  Geophys. Res. Lett.,   23, 2441-2444.
115. Shi, P.F., Saxena, S.K., Zhang, Z. and Sundman, B. (1996) Re-assessment of the Ca-  Mg-Si-O pyroxenes, Calphad, 20, 93-94.
116. Saxena, S. K.,  Dubrovinsky, L. S., Lazor, P., Cerenius, Y., Häggkvist, P., Hanfland, M. and  Hu, J.(1996), Stability of perovskite (MgSiO3) in the Earth’s mantle; Science, 274, 1357-  1359
117. S. K. Saxena (1996) Deep mantle and core thermodynamics: Theory, In High    pressure and high temperature research on lithosphere and mantle materials (eds. M. Mellini, G. Ranalli, C. A. Ricci and V. Trommsdorff); University Press, Siena.
118. Saxena, S. K. (1996), Deep mantle and core thermodynamics: Experiments, In  High pressure and high temperature research on lithosphere and mantle materials   (eds. M. Mellini, G. Ranalli, C. A. Ricci and V. Trommsdorff); University Press, Siena.
119. Belonozhko, A. B., Dubrovinsky, L. S., Dubrovinskaya, N. A. and Saxena, S. K.(1996), Phase diagram and properties of silica: Lattice and molecular dynamics Study;  Petrol.   4, 519-534.
120. L. S. Dubrovinsky · S. K. Saxena · A. B. Belonshko A new SiO 2 phase at physical conditions of Earth's lower mantle: theoretical and synchrotron X-ray evidences · Aug 1996 · Acta Crystallographica Section A Foundations of Crystallography

121. Saxena, S. K. and Dubrovinsky, L. S. (1997), Detecting Phases of iron by in-situ x-ray         diffraction: Implications for Earth’s core. A discussion, Science, 275, 94-96.
12l.  Vinograd V. L., Saxena, S. K. and Putnis, A. (1997), Calculation of the probability    distribution of basic clusters involved in cluster-variation approximations to the Ising       model; Physical Review B-Condensed Matter,  56, 11493-11502. 
122. Dubrovinskaia, N. A., Dubrovinsky, L. S., Saxena, S. K. and Sundman, B. (1997), Thermal  expansion of chromium (Cr) to melting temperature; Calphad, 21, 497-508.
123. Dubrovinsky, L. S., Saxena, S. K., Lazor, P., Ahuja, R., Eriksson, O., Wills, M.  and  Johansson,  B. (1997), Experimental and theoretical identification of a new   high-pressure phase of silica; Nature, 388, 362-365.
124. Dubrovinsky, L. S., Saxena, S. K., Lazor, P. (1997), X-ray study of iron with in-situ    heating at ultra high pressures; Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 1835-1838.
125. Dubrovinsky,  L. S., Saxena, S. K., and Lazor, P. (1997), High-pressure and high  temperature in situ x-ray diffraction study of iron and corundum to 68 GPa using  internally heated diamond-anvil cell; Phys. Chem. Mineral., 25, 434-441.
126. Dubrovinsky,  L. S. and Saxena, S. K. (1997), Thermal expansion of periclase      (MgO) and tungsten (W) to melting temperatures; Phys. Chem. Mineral., 24, 547-    550.
127. Dubrovinsky, N. A., Dubrovinsky , L. S. and Saxena, S. K. (1997), Systematics of thermodynamic data on solids: thermochemical and pressure-volume-temperature properties of some minerals; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 61, 4151-4158.
128.  Saxena, S.K. (1997) Systematization and estimation of thermochemical data. In: Modelling in aquatic chemistry. Eds. Grenthe and Puigdomenech, Nuclear Agency,    OECD, Paris, France.
129 Zhang, J., Martinez, I., Guyot,  F., Gillet, P. and Saxena, S. K. (1997),  X-ray diffraction study of magnesite at high pressure and high temperature; Physics andChemistry of Minerals, 24, 122-130.
130. Hillert, M., Burton, B., Saxena, S.K., Degterov, S., Kumar, K.C.H., Ohtani, H., Aldinger, F. and Kussmaul A.(1997), Workshop on thermodynamic modelling of solutions and alloys – Shloss Ringberg, March 10-16 – Group 4: modelling of oxides; Calphad-Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, 21,  247-263.

131. Saxena, S. K. and Dubrovinsky, L. S. (1998), Iron phases at high pressures and temperatures: Phase transition, melting and thermodynamics, High Pressure  Temperature Research: Properties of Earth and Planetary Materials, AGU, Geophysical Monograph, 1998, 271-279.
132. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Lasor, P. and Weber H.P.(1998), Structure of   b-iron at high temperature and pressure; Science, 1998, 281, 5373.
133.  L. S. Dubrovinsky, S. K. Saxena, P. Lazor (1998), Stability of -iron: A new   synchrotron  x-ray study of heated iron at high pressures; European J. Mineralogy,    10, 43-47.
134. L. S. Dubrovinsky, S. K. Saxena, R. Ahuja, and B. Johansson (1998) Theoretical  study of the stability of MgSiO3-perovskite in the deep mantle; Geophys. Res.  Lett.,25, 23-27.
135.  Dubrovinsky, L. S. and Saxena, S. K. (1998), Iron at extreme conditions: in situ X-ray  Study of PV-T relations in internally heated diamond anvil cell and modelling of interatomic potential of iron; Petrology, 6, 535-545.
136.  Saxena S. K., Dubrovinsky L. S., Lazor P., Hu J.(1998), In situ x-ray study of     perovskite (MgSiO3): phase transition and dissociation at mantle conditions; Eur. J.  Mineral., 10, 1275-1281.
137. N. A. Dubrovinskaia, L. S. Durbovinsky, S. K. Saxena, M. Selleby and B.  Sundman (1998), Thermal expansion and compressibility of Co6W6C; J. Alloys and  Compounds, 285, 4655-4659.
138. Saxena, S. K., Dubrovinsky, L. S., Lazor, P. and Hu, J. (1998) In situ X-ray study of  perovskite (MgSiO3): phase transition and dissociation at mantle conditions;  Eupopean J. of Mineralogy, 10, 1275-1281.     
139. Dubrovinsky, L. S., Dubrovinskaia, N. A., and Saxena, S. K. (1998), The lower  mantle; In: Adv.  Mineralogy (Ed. A. S. Marfunin), N.Y., Springer-Verlag, 3, 186-   195.
140. Saxena, S. K. and Dubrovinsky L. S. (1998), The Earth’s Core. In: Adv. Mineralogy,  (ed. A.S. Marfunin), N.Y., Springer-Verlag, v.3, 196-202.

141. Saxena, S. K., Dubrovinsky, L. S., Tutti,  F. and Le Bihan, T. (1999), Equation of state of MgSiO3 with the perovskite structure based on experimental measurements;    American        Mineralogist, 84, 226-232.