Surendra K. Saxena

 

Author of 230 papers and 5 books in the field of Earth and Planetary Science, High-pressure Physics and Materials Science.

Editor of several volumes of Advances in Physical Geochemistry and other books.

Member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 1994. (The academy is the home of several committees which award many prestigious prizes, including the Nobel prize)

La Laurea Ad Honorem in Scienze Geologiche, Padova University, Italy, 2001.

 

Professional


1999- Professor and Director, Center for Study of Matter at Extreme Conditions Florida International University , Miami , Florida and Co-director of the Advanced Materials Engineering Research Institute.

1989- 2001: Professor and chair, University of Uppsala , Uppsala , Sweden .

1983- 1996: Professor, Graduate Center of the City University of New York .

1977- 1996: Professor, Brooklyn College , City University of New York

1973-1976: Associate Professor, Brooklyn College , City University of New York .

1971-1972: Research associate, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University .

1969-1971: Senior Research Associate, National Academy of Science, at Goddard Space Flight Greenbelt , NASA, Maryland

1968-1969: Research scientist, Institute of Mineralogy and Geology, Uppsala .

1967-1969: Assistant Professor, Institute of Mineralogy and Geology, Uppsala

 

Other professional experience

 

Chair and member of several tenure, promotion and search committees.

1980 U.N.D.P. TOKTEN Project Expert to India .

1981 Visiting Professor, University of Padova , Italy .

1982 Visiting Professor, University of Pavia , Italy .

1983 Visiting Professor, University of Umea , Sweden .

1984-89 Collaborating Professor, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia .

1989 Consultant, Dept. of Chemical Physics, Simon Fraser University , Canada .

1978-86 Secretary of the International Mineralogical Assoc. Working Group on Thermodynamics of minerals.

1991-95 Chairman of the CODATA Task Group on Geothermodynamic Data.

1979-96 Editor for the series Advances in Physical Geochemistry, Springer-Verlag.

1996-99 Member of the Joint European Thermodynamic Database for Environmental Modeling committee

Reviewer of NSF proposals and referees of scientific publications.

 

Grants and awards

 

1974-76 National Aeronautics and Space Administration grant for Lunar Synthesis research

1973-74 City University Faculty grant for chemical study of Adirondack rocks

1977-78 City University Faculty grant for chemical study of mantle mineralogy

1978-80 City University grant for calculation of planetary phase equilibrium

1978-79 National Science Foundation grant for study of charnockites

1980-81 NASA grant for calculation of planetary phase equilibrium

1981-82 City University grant for calculation of phase equilibrium

1982-83 City University grant for study of Fe-Mg order- disorder in silicates

1984-85 PSC-BHE grant for mantle geochemistry

1983-85 NSF grant for a thermodynamic study of solar condensation

1984-87 A bilateral project with the Italian N.C.R. at Pisa for measurement of solid solution free energies using galvanic cell. P.I. G. Ottonello

1984-86 NSF. International grant US-Sweden Cooperative Project

1986-89 NSF grant for planetary mantle geochemistry

1985-86 CUNY grant for data systematics

1987-89 NSF International grant for U.S.-Scandinavia Program

1987-89 CUNY grant for data systematics

1989-90 CUNY grant for data systematics

•  Swedish Research Council (NFR) grant for data systematics

1990-93 Swedish Research Council grant for the high pressure equipment

1991-92 Wallenberg's grant for Raman Spectroscopic lab

1990-93 Swedish Atomic Energy grant for phase equilibrium computation for nuclear waste

disposal

•  CAMPADA project grants NuTek/NFR, Thermodynamic database systematics for

geosciences and industry

1993-96 CAMPADA project grants NuTek/NFR. Thermodynamic database systematics for geosciences and industry

1991-94 Swedish Research Council (NFR) grant for high pressure experiments

1993-96 Swedish Research Council (NFR) grant for data systematics

1993-95 Swedish Atomic Energy grant for phase equilibrium computation at nuclear burial sites

1994-95 Swedish Research Council grant for the high pressure equipment

1996-99 CAMPADA project grants from NuTek/NFR, Thermodynamic data base systematics for geosciences and industry

1996-98 European Union grant for Environmental database

1996-98 Swedish Technical Foundation grant for experimental measurements of physical properties of oxides and metals.

• 99 Swedish Research Council (NFR) grant for experimental study of Earth's core

• 00 Swedish Research Council (NFR) grant for high-pressure experiments Earth's

interior

• 00 Swedish Technical Foundation (Strategic Materials) grant for synthesis of super- hard materials at high pressure

1997-98 Faculty grant for collaboration with UC Berkeley

1990-98 Several grants from the Royal Swedish Academy for exchange with Russia , Eastern European States and Italy .

2000-03 NSF grant for acquisition of X-ray diffraction equipment for the study of matter at high-pressure and temperature for geophysical and materials science applications

•  NSF grant for iron phase diagram at extreme conditions

•  NSF grant for development of high-temperature technique with diamond anvil

window cells for use in geophysical sciences

2003-2008 NSF grant: International Materials Institute (Collaboration with RPI and UMD).

2005-2007 Airforce Grant on Materials Science.

 

Professional Societies

 

American Geophysical Union , AAS, APS

Fellow: American Mineralogical Society.

 


Books

 

1. Thermodynamics of rock-forming crystalline solutions

Springer-Verlag , New York , 1973.

Published as volume 8 of the Minirock Series; the book deals with the thermodynamics of solution models with application to common rock-forming minerals such as olivine, pyroxenes and plagioclases. It particularly emphasizes the theoretical and experimental aspects of cation order-disorder in minerals and the composition of coexisting phases.

Published in Russian by MIR publications, 1975, Ed. L.L.Perchuk.

Translated into Chinese, 1979.

 

2. Chemical Petrology: with applications to terrestrial planets and meteorites

R. F. Mueller and S. K. Saxena . Springer-Verlag , New York , 1977.

The book deals with the physical chemistry of rocks and associated fluids. The unity of approach of thermodynamics and kinetics to processes in the diverse terrestrial and planetary environments is stressed in the book with numerous examples to enlighten different aspects of the subject.

Translated into Russian by MIR publishers in 1979.

Translated into Chinese in 1983 .

 

3. Mixtures and Mineral Reactions. J.Ganguly and S.K.Saxena; Springer-Verlag, 1987.

 

Published as volume 19 of the Minerals and Rocks Series (Ed. P.J. Wyllie), the book is a review and research monograph on physical chemisry of minerals. It brings together concepts of classical thermodynamics, solution models, and atomic ordering and interactions that constitute a major basis of a systematic analysis of the compositional properties and phase relations in natural rocks.

 

4. Thermodynamic data on oxides and silicates . S.K.Saxena, N. Chatterjee, Y. Fei and G. Shen.

Springer Verlag, 1994.

The book aims to provide an internally consistent thermodynamic data base which can be used globally at any pressure and temperature in the earth. There is a particular emphasis on the interrelationship among the thermodynamic variables at high pressure and temperature.

5. Thermodynamic data on oxides in the Fe-Mg-Si-O system . O.Fabrichnaya, S.K.Saxena, Pascal Richet and E. Westrum. Springer Verlag, 2004.

 

 

Editorial work

 

Energetics of Geological Processes: Hans Ramberg Volume, Edit. Saxena and Bhattacharji. Springer-Verlag, 1977.

 

Advances in Physical Geochemistry; Series editor: S.K.Saxena,

Springer-Verlag,(beginning with volume 1, 1981).

This series has been designed to assess periodically the progress of research in the very important field of application of physical chemistry, physics and modern numerical techniques to planetary chemical and physical problems. The topics are of general interest to scientists of many disciplines such as ceramics, material science, metallurgy, crystallography, inorganic and physical chemistry and of course geochemistry and geophysics. Besides providing modern reviews and original research, the volumes are expected to influence the direction of the applications of the basic sciences to geosciences.

APG Series Volumes edited by S. K. Saxena:

Volume 2. Fe-Mg order-disorder in silicates and other topics,1982.

Volume 3. Kinetics and equilibrium in mineral reactions,1983.

Volume 6. Chemistry and Physics of Terrestrial Planets,1986.

Volume 10. Thermodynamic Data Systematics, Springer Verlag, 1992.

 

Inhomogeneous and strongly correlated materials and the study of matter at extreme conditions. Proc of the conference SMEC2003 (eds: Saini, Saxena and Bansil) J.Phys. Chem. Solids, 65, 0022-3697, 2004.

 

Study of matter at extreme conditions. Proc of the conference SMEC2003 (eds: Saini, Yang, Saxena and Bansil) J.Phys. Chem. Solids, In Press, 2006

 

  Publications

 

1966

10. Distribution of elements between coexisting muscovite and biotite and crystal-chemical

role of Ti in micas. Neues Jahrb. Abh. 105, 1-17,1966.

11. Distribution of elements between coexisting biotite and hornblende in metamorphic

Caledonides. Neues Jahrb . Monatshefte 3,67-80, 1966.

12. A note on the origin of zircons. Geol. Forh. Stockholm 86, 1966.

13. Evolution of zircons in sedimentary and metamorphic rocks . Sedimentology , 6,1-33,1966.

 

1967

14. Intracrystalline chemical variations in certain calcic pyroxenes biotites. Neues Jahrb .

Mineral. Mh. 107, 299-316, 1967.

15. Chemical study of coexisting rock-forming silicates. Acta Univ. Uppsaliensis 86, 1967.

 

1968

16. Present status of zircons. Sedimentology 10, 209-216, 1968.

17. Evolution of zirocns. A reply to Karlsbeck, Sedimentology 10, 145-146, 1968.

18. Distribution of elements between coexisting garnet and pyroxene in rocks of varying metamorphic grade. Amer. Miner. 53, 2018-2024, 1968.

19. Chemical study of phase equilibria in Charnockites, Varberg, Amer. Mineral. 53, 1674-1695, 1968.

20. Distribution of elements in coexisting minerals and the nature of solid solution in garnet. Amer. Mineral. 53, 994-1014, 1968.

21. Nature of mixing in ferromagnesian silicates and the significance the distribution coefficient. N. Jahrb . Mh . 8, 275-286.

22. Crystal-chemical aspects of distribution of ions among coexisting rock-forming silicates. N. Jahrb. M. 108, 291-323, 1968.

 

1969

23. A statistical approach to the study of phase equilibria in multicomponent systems. Lithos , 3, 25-36, 1969.

24. Silicate solid solution and geothermometry: 4. A statistical study of chemical data oncoexisting garnet and clinopyroxene. Contr. Min. Petrol . 23, 140-156, 1969.

25. Silicate solid solutions and geothermometry: 3. Distributions of Fe and Mg between coexisting garnet and biotite. Contr. Min. Petrol ., 259-267, 1969.

26. Silicate solid solutions and geothermometry: 2. Distributions of Fe and Mg between coexisting olivine and pyroxene. Contr. Miner. Petrol., 22,147-156,1969.

27. Report of the International Paragenetic Commission, Vol. 1, 41-47.

28.  Silicate solid solution and geothermometry: 1. Use of the regular solution model. Contr. Miner. Perol. 21, 338-345.

29. Distribution of iron and magnesium in coexisting minerals, Sweden , Neues Jahrb. Mineralogie. Mh. 2, 85-92, 1969.

30. Analysis of equilibria involving garnet. Amer. Jour. of Science , 267.523-528, 1969.

31.  Distribution of elements in coexisting minerals and the problem of chemical disequilibrium in metamorphosed basic rocks . Contr. Miner.Petrol . 20, 177-197, 1969.

 

1970

32. Distribution of iron and magnesium in coexisting minerals and nature of solution in cordierite. Amer. J. Sci. 267, 210-216, 1970.

33. Order-disorder and the activity-composition relation in a binary solution. (S.K.Saxena and S. Ghose) Amer. Min . 55, 1219-1225, 1970.

34. Partitioning of cations between coexisting single and miltisite phases:A discussion (Mueller, Ghose and Saxena) Geochim. Acta , 1356-1360, 1970.

35. Statistical chemistry of calcic amphiboles (S.K.Saxena and T. Ekstrom) Contr. Mineral. and Petrol. 26, 276-284, 1970.

 

1971

36. Mg-Fe order-disorder and the thermodynamics of the pyroxene crystalline solution. (S.K.Saxena and S. Ghose) Amer. Min . 56,532-559, 1971.

37. Mg-Fe order-disorder in orthopyroxene and the distribution of elements in coexisting minerals. Lithos 4, 345-354, 1971.

 

1972

38. Computer programs for calculation of thermodynamic functions of in crystalline solutions. (with P. Comella). NASA, Ex- document X-641-72-249, 1972.

39. Applications of thermodynamics to silicate crystalline solutions. Tech. Note, TN D-6980, October, 1972.

40. Activity-composition relations in feldspars. (S.K.Saxena and P.H. Ribbe ). Contr. Mineral. and Petrol . 37, 131-138, 1972.

41. Retrieval of thermodynamic data from a study of intracrystalline and intercrystalline equilibrium in minerals. Amer. Min. 57, 800, 1972.

 

1973

Book : Thermodynamics of rock-forming crystalline solutions. Springer-Verlag. 1973.

 

1974

42. Order-disorder in silicates. Jhingran Volume . Hind. Publ. Co.

43. Order-disorder in sillimanite. Contr. Mineral. Petrol . 48.

44. A statistical-chemical and thermodynamic approach to lunar mineralogy . Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 36, 75-95 (S.K.Saxena and L. S. Walter).

45. Cation order-disorder in Ca pyroxene and cooling history of lunar Earth & Planet . Sci. Lett. 1974. (S. K.Saxena, S.Ghose., co-authors).

 

1975

46. Enstatite-diopside solvus and pyroxene geothermometry. Contr. Mineral. Petrol . 49, 259-267 (S.K.Saxena and C. E. Nehru).

 

1976

47. Entropy estimate of some silicates at 298 K from molar volumes. Science 193, 1241-1242.

48. Two-pyroxene geothermometer: A model with an approximate solution. Amer. Mineral .

49. Chemical equilibrium in lunar rocks (S.K.Saxena and M. Deb). Lithos.

 

1977.

50. Moon - an albite depleted giant Skaergaard? Contr. Mineral. Petrol. 60, 77-90. (S.K.Saxena, A. Benimoff, N. Pingitore).

51. Formation of Fe-Ni-Si planetary cores. Nature. 270, 333-334.

52. A method of estimating entropy of silicates. Science , 1977.

53. Entropy estimate of garnets and other silicates. A reply. Science . 1977.

54. The charnockite geotherm. Science, 198, 614-617, 1977.

55. The pressure and temperature of formation of charnockites. Indian Journ. of Earth Sciences.

56. A new electronegativity scale for geochemists. Hans Ramberg volume: Energetics of Geological Processes. Springer-Verlag.

 

1978-1981

57. Multivariate statistical analysis: an application to Lunar mineralogy, Ind. J. Earth Sci. , 1, 77-94 (M.Deb and S.K.Saxena), 1978.

58. Garnet-clinopyroxene geothermometer. Contr. Mineral. Petrol . 70, 229-235, (1979).

59. The MgO-Al 2 O 3 -SiO 2 system: Free energy of pyrope and Al 2 O 3 -enstatite. Geochim.Cosmochim. Acta , 45,821-825 (1981).

60. High temperature Planetary phase equilibria: Application to formation of Earth, Venus and Mercury. Geochim. Acta , 45, 813-820, (1981).

61. Fictive component model of pyroxenes and multicomponent phase equilibria. Contr. Mineral. 1981.

 

1982-1984

62. Computation of multicomponent equilibria ; In Advances in Phys. Geochem . Vol. 2, 1982.

63. Low to medium temperature phase equilibria in a gas of solar composition. (S.K.Saxena, G. Eriksson); Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett. 65 (1983), 7-16.

64. High temperature phase equilibria in a gas of solar composition. (S.K.Saxena, G. Eriksson); Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 47 (1983), 1865-1874.

65. Theoretical computation of mineral assemblages in pyrolite and lherzolite. (S.K.Saxena, G. Eriksson); J. Petrology , 24 (1983), 538-555.

66. Problems of two-pyroxene geothermometry; Earth and Planet. Sci. Lett . 65 (1983).

67. Exsolution and Fe-Mg order-disorder in pyroxenes; In Advances in Phys. Geochem . V. 3.

68. Mixing properties of aluminosilicate garnets: constraints from natural and experimental data and applications to geothermo-barometry. (J. Ganguly and S. K. Saxena); Amer. Mineral. Dec,1984.

69. Petrogenetic application of Mg-Fe order-disorder in orthopyroxene. (S.K.Saxena, A Dal Negro); Bull. Min. Soc. Fr . 106 (1983), 443-449.

 

1985

70. Anhydrous phase equilibria in Earth's Upper Mantle; J.Petrol . 26, 378-390. S.K.Saxena, G.Eriksson.

 

1986

71. Chemistry of formation of terrestrial planets; In Adv. Phys.Geochem .,6, 30-101.

72. A thermochemical database for phase equilibria in the system Fe-Mg-Si-O at high pressure and temperature; Phys. Chem. Minerals . Y.Fei and S.K.Saxena,13,311-324.

73. Thermochemical data on mineral phases,I. The system CaO- MgO-Al2O3-SiO2: J.Petrol., 27, 827-842 (S.K.Saxena, N.Chatterjee).

74. Phase equilibria in the pyroxene quadrilateral.(S.K.Saxena, J.Sykes & G.Eriksson); J.Petrol .,27,843-852.

75. Some binary and ternary silicate solution models. (Fei, Saxena and Eriksson); Contr. Mineral. Petrol . 94, 221-229 .

 

1987

76. High pressure and high temperature fluid fugacitites; Geochim. Cosmochim.Acta. (Saxena and Fei), 51,783-791,1987.

77. Fluids at crustal pressures and temperatures; Contrib.Mineral.Petrol . 95, 370-375, 1987 (Saxena and Fei).

78. X-ray structural refinement study of Fe-Mg order-disorder in orthopyroxene; Phys. Chem . Mineral (Saxena, Molin, Domeneghetti, Tazzoli),16, 421-427.

 

1988

79. A new heat capacity equation for minerals at high temperatures and pressure; Geochim.Cosmochim. Acta ,51,251-254, 1988. (Fei and Saxena).

80. A note on P-V-T equation of H 2 at high pressure and temperature; Geochim.Cosmochim. Acta 51, 1988. (Saxena and Fei).

81. Fluid mixtures in the C-H-O system at high pressure and temperature; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 52, 505-512 (1988) (Saxena and Fei).

82. Phase equilibrium in a system of chondritic composition:implications for early mantle fluid; J.Geology , 96,601-607 (1988). (Saxena and Fei).

83. Kinetics of Fe-Mg order-disorder in aluminous orthopyroxene; Phys. Chem. Mineral. 15,140-147 (1988) (Saxena, Domeneghetti, Tazzoli)

84. Assessment of thermal expansion, bulk modulus and heat capacity of enstatite and forsterite; J.Phys.Chem. Solids 49, 1233-1235 (1988).

 

 

1989

85. Assessment of bulk modulus, thermal expansion and heat capacity of minerals. Geochim.Cocmochim. Acta 53, 785-789, (1989).

86. Oxidation state of the mantle. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 53, 89-95 (1989)

87. Assessed high-temperature thermochemical data on some solids. J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1989) (Saxena and Zhang).

 

1990

88. Thermochemical and P-V-T systematics of data on solids, examples: Tungsten and MgO; Phys. Chem. Mineral . 17, 45-51 (1990) (Saxena and Zhang).

89. The thermochemical data in the MgO-SiO 2 system; J. Geophys. Res. 95, 6915-6928, 1990, (Fei, Saxena, Navrotsky).

 

1991

90. A molecular dynamics study of the pressure-volume-temperature properties of super-critical fluids: I. H2O. Belonoshko and Saxena, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta , 55, 381-388, 1991.

91. A molecular dynamics study of the pressure-volume-temperature properties of super-critical fluids:II. CO 2 ,CH 4 ,CO,O 2 and H 2 Belonoshko and Saxena, Geochm.Cosmochim. Acta 55, 3191-3208, 1991

92. Iron-magnesium order-disorder in an orthopyroxene crystal from the Johnstown meteorite . Earth & Planet. Sci. Lett . 105, 260-265, 1991.

93. Sublattice solid solution model and its application to orthopyroxene (Mg,Fe)2Si2O6. Shi, P.F., Saxena, S.K., and Sundman, Bo (1991) Phys Chem Mineral 18: 393-405.

94. Shi, P.F., Saxena, S.K., and Sundman, Bo (1991) Sublattice solid solution model and its application to orthopyroxene (Mg,Fe)2Si2O6. Phys Chem Mineral 18: 393-405.

95. Thermodynamic properties of andradite and application to skarn. Z.Zhang and S.K.Saxena. Contr. Mineral. Petrol . ,107:255-263.

 

1992

96. Equations of state of fluids at high temperature and pressure. Belonoshko and Saxena. Advances in Phys. Geochem . 10, Springer-Verlag, 1992.

97. Assessed data on heat capcity, thermal expansion and compressibility for some oxides and silicates. S.K.Saxena and G.Shen . J.Geophys. Res . 97,19813-19825 (1992).

98. A unified equation of state for fluids of C-H-O-N-S-Ar composition and their mixtures up to very hugh temperatures and pressures. Belonoshko and Saxena. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56,3611-3626 (1992).

99. Thermodynamic modeling of the C-H-O-S fluid system. P.Shi and S.K. Saxena, Amer. Mineral . 77, 1038-1049. (1992).

100. SUPERFLUID: A FORTRAN-77 program for calculation of Gibbs free energy an volume of the C-H-O-S-N-Ar mixtures. Belonoshko, A.B., Shi, P.F., and Saxena, S.K.(1992) Computer and Geosciences , 18, 1267-1269.

101. Shi, P.F., and Saxena, S.K. (1992) Phase equilibria and fluid proportions in the Ca-Fe-Si-C-H-O-S system. American Mineralogist, 77,1038-1049.

 

1993

102. Laser heated diamond anvil cell experiments at high pressure: melting curve of nickel up to 700 kbar. P.Lazor, G.Shen and S.K.Saxena , Phys.Chem. Mineral . 20, 86-90 (1993).

103. Melting of wustite and iron up to 600 kbar. G.Shen, P. Lazor and S.K.Saxena, Phys. Chem. Mineral . 20, 91-95 (1993).

104. Experimental evidence for a new iron phase and implications for Earth's core. S.K.Saxena, G. Shen and P.Lazor, Science , 260,1312-1314 (1993).

105. Saxena, S.K., Shen, G. and Lazor, P., Temperatures in the Earth's core based on high pressure melting and phase transformation in iron; Science, 264, 405-407.

 

1994

106. Shi, P.F., Zhang, Z.R., Saxena, S.K. and Sundman, B. (1994), The energetic relations in the Ca-Mg-Fe-Al-Si-O pyroxene systems: I. Theoretical model an assessment of the Ca-Mg-Si-O system; Calphad, 18, 47-69.

107. Swamy, V., Saxena, S.K., Sundman, B. and Zhang, J. (1994), A thermodynamic assessment of the silica phase diagram; J.Geophys. Res. 99 , 11787-11794.

108. Swamy, V., Saxena, S.K. and Sundman, B. (1994), An assessment of the one-bar liquidus phase relations in the MgO-SiO2 system; Calphad , 18, 157-164.

 

1995

109 . Saxena, S.K (1995), Earth's core; Current Science , 69, 914-917.

110. Saxena, S.K., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Häggqvist, P., Cerenius, Y., Shen, G. and Mao, H.K. (1995), Synchrotron x-ray study of iron at high pressure and temperature; Science , 269, 1703-1704.

 

1996

111. Lazor, P. and Saxena, S.K. (1996) Discussion comment on melting criteria and imaging spectroradiometry in laser-heated diamond-cell experiments (by R. Jeanloz &A. Kavner), Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond . A 354, 1307-1313.

112. Saxena, S.K. (1996) Earth mineralogical model: Gibbs free energy minimization computation in the system MgO-FeO-SiO2; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta ,60, 2379-2395.

113. Saxena, S.K. and Dubrovinsky, L.S. (1996) Nd-YAG laser heating temperatur measurements in a diamond anvil cell. In: Advanced Materials '96. Proceedings of the 3rd NIRIM ISAM ‘96, Tsukuba , Japan , March 4-8, 1996 , pp. 137-142.

114. Saxena, S.K., Dubrovinsky, L.S. and Häggkvist, P. (1996), X-ray evidence for the new phase b -iron at high temperature and high pressure; Geophys. Res. Lett ., 23, 2441-2444.

115. Shi, P.F., Saxena, S.K., Zhang, Z. and Sundman, B. (1996) Re-assessment of the Ca-Mg-Si-O pyroxenes, Calphad , 20, 93-94.

116. Saxena, S.K., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Lazor P., Cerenius Y., Häggkvist P., Hanfland M. and Hu, J.(1996), Stability of perovskite (MgSiO3) in the Earth's mantle; Science , 274, 1357-1359.

117. S. K. Saxena (1996) Deep mantle and core thermodynamics: Theory, In High pressure and high temperature research on lithosphere and mantle materials (eds. M. Mellini, G. Ranalli, C.A. Ricci and V. Trommsdorff); University Press, Siena .

118. Saxena, S.K. (1996), Deep mantle and core thermodynamics: Experiments, In High pressure and high temperature research on lithosphere and mantle materials (eds. M.Mellini, G. Ranalli, C.A. Ricci and V. Trommsdorff); University Press, Siena .

119. Belonozhko, A.B., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Dubrovinskaya N.A. and Saxena, S.K.(1996), Phase diagram and properties of silica: Lattice and molecular dynamics Study; Petrol. 4, 519-534.

 

1997

120. Saxena, S.K. and Dubrovinsky, L.S. (1997), Detecting Phases of iron by in-situ x-ray diffraction: Implications for Earth's core. A discussion, Science , 275, 94-96.

12l. Vinograd V.L., Saxena, S.K. and Putnis A. (1997), Calculation of the probability distribution of basic clusters involved in cluster-variation approximations to the Ising model; Physical Review B-Condensed Matter , 56, 11493-11502.

122. Dubrovinskaia, N.A., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K . and Sundman, B. (1997),Thermal expansion of chromium (Cr) to melting temperature; Calphad , 21, 497-508.

123. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Lazor, P., Ahuja, R., Eriksson, O., Wills,.M. and Johansson, B. (1997), Experimental and theoretical identification of a new high-pressure phase of silica; Nature, 388, 362-365.

124. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Lazor, P. (1997), X-ray study of iron with in-situ heating at ultra high pressures; Geophys.Res. Lett., 24, 1835-1838.

125. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., and Lazor, P. (1997), High-pressure and high temperature in situ x-ray diffraction study of iron and corundum to 68 GPa using internally heated diamond-anvil cell; Phys. Chem. Mineral. , 25, 434-441.

126. Dubrovinsky, L.S. and Saxena, S.K. (1997), Thermal expansion of periclase (MgO) and tungsten (W) to melting temperatures; Phys. Chem. Mineral ., 24, 547- 550.

127. Dubrovinsky, N.A., Dubrovinsky , L.S. and Saxena, S.K. (1997), Systematics of thermodynamic data on solids: thermochemical and pressure-volume-temperature properties of some minerals; Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta , 61, 4151-4158.

128. Saxena, S.K. (1997) Systematization and estimation of thermochemical data. In: Modelling in aquatic chemistry . Eds. Grenthe and Puigdomenech, Nuclear Agency, OECD, Paris France .

129  Zhang, J., Martinez , I. , Guyot, F., Gillet, P. and Saxena, S.K. (1997), X-ray diffraction study of magnesite at high pressure and high temperature; Physics and Chemistry of Minerals , 24, 122-130.

130  Hillert, M., Burton, B., Saxena, S.K., Degterov, S., Kumar, K.C.H., Ohtani, H., Aldinger, F. and Kussmaul A.(1997), Workshop on thermodynamic modelling of solutions and alloys – Shloss Ringberg, March 10-16 – Group 4: modelling of oxides; Calphad-Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry , 21, 247-263.

1998

131. Saxena, S.K. and Dubrovinsky, L.S. (1998), Iron phases at high pressures and temperatures: Phase transition, melting and thermodynamics, High Pressure Temperature Research: Properties of Earth and Planetary Materials, AGU,

Geophysical Monograph 101, 1998, 271-279.

132.  Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Lasor, P. and Weber H.P.(1998), Structure of b -iron at high temperature and pressure; Science , 1998, 281, 5373.

133. L. S. Dubrovinsky, S. K. Saxena, P. Lazor (1998), Stability of ?-iron: A new synchrotron x-ray study of heated iron at high pressures; European J. Mineralogy , 10, 43-47.

134. L. S. Dubrovinsky, S. K. Saxena, R. Ahuja, and B. Johansson (1998) Theoretical study of the stability of MgSiO3-perovskite in the deep mantle; Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 23-27.

135. Dubrovinsky, L. S. and, Saxena,(1998), Iron at extreme conditions: in situ X-ray

Study of PV-T relations in internally heated diamond anvil cell and modelling of interatomic potential of iron; Petrology , 6, 535-545.

136. Saxena S. K., Dubrovinsky L. S., Lazor P., Hu J.(1998), In situ x-ray study of perovskite (MgSiO 3 ): phase transition and dissociation at mantle conditions; Eur. J. Mineral ., 10, 1275-1281.

137. N. A. Dubrovinskaia, L. S. Durbovinsky, S. K. Saxena, M. Selleby and B. Sundman (1998), Thermal expansion and compressibility of Co6W6C; J. Alloys and Compounds , 285, 4655-4659.

138. Saxena, S.K., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Lazor, P. and Hu, J. (1998) In situ X-ray study of perovskite (MgSiO3): phase transition and dissociation at mantle conditions; Eupopean J. of Mineralogy , 10, 1275-1281.

139. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Dubrovinskaia, N.A., and Saxena, S.K. (1998), The lower mantle; In: Adv. Mineralogy (Ed. A.S. Marfunin), N.Y., Springer-Verlag, 3, 186- 195.

140. Saxena, S.K. and Dubrovinsky L.S. (1998), The Earth's Core. In: Adv. Mineralogy, (ed. A.S. Marfunin), N.Y., Springer-Verlag, v.3, 196-202.

 

1999

141. Saxena, S.K., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Tutti, F. and Le Bihan, T. (1999), Equation of state of MgSiO3 with the perovskite structure based on experimental measurements; American Mineralogist, 84, 226-232.

142.  Dubrovinskaia, N.A., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Selleby M. and Sundman, B. (1999), Thermal expansion and compressibility of Co 6 W 6 C; J. of Alloys and Compounds , 285, 242-245.

143.  Dubrovinskaia, N.A., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Karlsson, A, Saxena, S.K. and Sundman, B.(1999), Experimental study of thermal expansion and phase transformations in iron-rich Fe-Al alloys; Calphad-Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, 23, 69-84

144. Dubrovinskaia, N.A., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Ahuja, R. and B. Johansson (1999), High-pressure study of titanium carbide; J. of Alloys and Compounds , 289, 24-27.

145.  Dubrovinsky, L.S., Lazor, P., Saxena, S.K., Haggkvist, P., Weber, H.P., Le Bihan, T. and Hausermann, D. (1999), Study of laser heated iron using third generation synchrotron X-ray radiation facility with imaging plate at high pressures; Physics and Chemistry of Minerals , 26, 539-545.

146.  Dubrovinsky, L.S. and Saxena, S.K. (1999), A thermal characteristic of melting in laser heating at high pressure; High Temperatures – High Pressures , 31, 385-391.

147.  Dubrovinsky, L.S. and Saxena, S.K. (1999), Emissivity measurements on some metals and oxides using multiwavelength spectral radiometry; High Temperatures High Pressures , 31, 393-399.

148. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Tutti, F., Rekhi, S. and Le Bihan, T. (1999), In-situ x-ray study of the thermal expansion of iron at multimegabar pressure; High Temperatures – High Pressures , 31, 553-559.

149  Rekhi, S., Dubrovinsky, L.S., and Saxena, S.K.(1999), Temperature-induced ruby fluorescence shifts up to a pressure of 15 GPa in an externally heated diamond anvil cell; High Temperatures – High Pressures , 31, 299-305.

150.  Wang, Z.Q., Tutti, F. and Saxena, S.K. (1999), Thermal pressure and the reliability of different in-situ high-pressure high-temperature techniques; High Temperatures - High Pressures , 31, 681-685.

 

2000

151. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Dubrovinskaia, N.A., Saxena, S.K., Rekhi, S. and Le Bihan, T. (2000), Aggregate shear moduli of iron up to 90 Gpa and 1100 K; J. of Alloys and Compounds, 297, 156-161.

152. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Dubrovinskaiai, N.A., Saxena, S.K., Annersten, H., Halenius, E., Harryson, S., Tutti, F., Rekhi, S. and Le Bihan, T. (2000), Stability of ferropericlase in the lower mantle; Science , 289. 430-432.

153. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Dubrovinskaia, N.A., Rekhi, S. and Le Bihan, T. (2000), Gruneisen parameter of epsilon-iron up to 300 Gpa from in-situ X-ray study; American Minaralogist , 85, 386-389.

154. Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., Tuffi, F., Rekhi, S. and Le Behan, T. (2000), In situ x-ray study of thermal expansion and phase transition of iron at multimegabar pressure ; Physical Review Letters , 84, 1720-1723.

155.  El Goresy, A., Dubrovinsky, L., Sharp, T.G., Saxena, S.K. and Chen, M. (2000), A monoclinic post-stishovite polymorph of silica in the Shergotty meterorite; Science , 288, 1632-1634.

156  Rekhi, S., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Ahuja, R., Saxena, S.K. and Johansson, B. (2000), Experimental and theoretical investigations on eskolaite (Cr 2 O 3 ) at high pressures; J. Alloys and Compounds , 302, 16-20.

157 Saxena, S.K. and Dubrovinsky, L.S. (2000), Iron phases at high pressures and temperatures: Phase transition and melting; Amer. Mineralogist , 85, 1720-1723.

158.  Saxena, S.K., Singh, A. and Mathur, A. (2000), Antiviral effect of nitric oxide during Japanese encephalitis virus infection; Internat'l J. of Experimental Pathology, 81, 165-172.

169  Saxena, S.K., Lazor, P. and Dubrovinsky, L.S. (2000), A model of Earth's deep interior based on mineralogical data; Mineralogy and Petrology , 69, 1-10.

170. Tutti, F., Dubrovinsky, L.S., and Saxena, S.K. (2000), High pressure phase transformation of jadeite and stability of NaAlSiO 4 with calcium-ferrite type structure in the lower mantle conditions; Geophysical Res. Letts., 27, 2025-2028.

172  Wang, Z.W., Mao, H.H. and Saxena, S.K. (2000), The melting of corundum (Al 2 O 3 ) under high pressure conditions; J. of Alloys and Compounds , 299, 287-291.

 

2001

172.  Anderson, O. L., Dubrovinsky, L. S., Saxena, S. K. and LeBihan, T. (2000), Experimental vibrational Gruneisen ratio values for e-iron up to 330 GPa at 300 K; Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 399-402.

173.  Ahuja, R., and Rekhi, S., Saxena, S.K., Johansson, B. (2001), High Pressure phase Transition in RuO2 and its geophysical implications: J. Phys. Chem. Solids , 62, 2035-2037.

174  Dubrovinskaia, N.A., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K., et al (2001) Direct transition from cristobalite to post-stishovite alpha-PbO2-like silica phase: European Journal of Mineralogy 13 (3): 479-483.

175.  Dubrovinsky, L., Dubrovinkaia, N., Saxena, S., Tutti, F., Rekhi, S., LeBihan, T., Shen G., Hu, J.(2001) Pressure-induced phase transformation of cristobalite: Chemical Physics Letters 333 (3-4) 264.

176.  Rekhi, S., Saxena, S., Lazor, P. (2001) High-pressure Raman study of nanocrystalline CeO2: Journal of Applied Physics 89, NO.5 2968-2971.

177. Rekhi, S., Saxena, S.K., Ahuja, R., Johansson, B. and Hu, J. (2001) Experimental and Theoretical Investigations on the Compressibility of Nanocrystalline Nickel: J. of Material Sciences , 36, 4719-4721.

178.  Tutti, F., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Saxena, S.K. et al. (2001) Stability of KalSi3O8 hollandite-type structure in the earth's lower mantle conditions; Geophysical Research Letters 28 (14) 2735-2738.

179. Wang, Z., Lazor, P. and Saxena, S.K. (2001) A newly developed empirical model for addressing the high pressure melting of solids: NaCl as an example; High Temperature-High Pressure, 33, 357-363 .

180.  Wang, Z., Lazor, P. and Saxena, S. (2001) A simple model for addressing the melting of metals: Al, Ni and Pt; Physica B 293, 408-416.

181.  Wang, Z., Lazor, P. and Saxena, S.K. (2001) The Analysis of High Pressure Melting Temperature Dependence of the Thermodynamic Parameters of Solids; Materials Letters 49 (5), 287-293.

182  Wang, Z., Schott, B., Lazor, P. and Saxena, S.K. (2001), Improved equations for addressing the high pressure melting of the metastable silicate perovskite; J. of Alloys and Compounds 315, 51-58.

183. Wang, Z. and Saxena, S. (2001) Raman spectroscopoic study on pressure-induced amorphization in nanocrystalline anatase (TiO 2 ); Solid State Communications 118, 75-78.

184.  Wang, Z., Saxena, S., Guo, Y. and Yin, H. (2001), The calculation of some physico-chemical properties of a-iron using empirical electron theory (EET); J. of Physical Chemistry .

185.  Wang, Z., Saxena, S. Pischedda, V., Liermann, H., and Zha, C. (2001) In-situ X-ray diffraction study on pressure-induced phase transformation in nanocrystalline Rutile/anatase (TiO2); J. Phys: Condens. Matt, 13, 8314-8323.

186.  Wang, Z., Saxena, S., Pischedda, V., Liermann, H., Zha, C. S. (2001) In-situ X-ray diffraction of pressure-induced phase transformation in nanocrystalline CeO2; Phys . Rev. B., 64 (1) 012102.

187.  Wang, Z., Saxena, S., Pischedda, Liermann, H., Zha, C. (2001) In-situ X-ray diffraction of pressure-induced phase transformation in nanocrystalline CeO2; Phys . Rev. B., 64 (1) 012102.

 

2002-2005

188.  Wang, Z., V. Pischedda and S. K. Saxena, (2002), In-situ Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction study of nanocrystalline CuO, Solid State Communication, 121, 275-279.

189.  Wang, Z., S.K. Saxena, Liermann, H.P. and Zha, C.S. (2002) In-situ x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy of pressure induced phase transformation in spinel Zn 2 TiO 4: Phys. Rev. B .

190.  Wang, Z. and S.K. Saxena (2002) Pressure induced phase transformations in nanocrystalline maghemite ( g -Fe 2 O 3 ): Solid State Communication .

191.  Saxena, S.K. (2002), Thermodynamics of Epsilon Iron at Core Physical Conditions: Geophysical Monographs, American Geophysical Union .

192.  Saxena, S.K. (2003) Hydrogen production by chemically reacting species: International J. of Hydrogen Energy 28, 49-53.

193.  Wang, Z., P. Lazor, S.K. Saxena, and G. Artioli (2002) High pressure Raman spectroscopic study of Spinel (ZnCr 2 O 4 ), J. Solid State Chemistry , 165, 165-170.

194. Wang, Z., S.K. Saxena, P. Lazor and H.S.C. O'Neil (2002) Raman spectroscopic study of Spinel MgCr 2 O 4 , J. Phys. Chem. Solids .

195.  Z. Wang, S.K. Saxena, H.S.C. O'Neill and P. Lazor (2002) High Pressure Raman Spectroscopy of Ferrite MgFe 2 O 4 , Materials Res. Bulletin .

196.  Wang, Z., S.K. Saxena, P. Lazor and H.S.C. O'Neil (2002) High-pressure Raman Spectroscopy of ferrite spinel ZnFe 2 O 4 , Materials Physics and Chemistry

197. Wang, Z., S.K. Saxena and C.S. Zha (2002) In situ x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy of pressure induced phase transformation in spinel Zn 2 TiO 4 , Phys. Rev. B 66, 24103-6.

198. Manoun, B., Liermann, H.P., Saxena, S. K., Gulve, R., Ganguly, A., Barsoum, M. W., Zha C.S. (2004). Compression of Ti 3 Si 0.5 Ge 0.5 C 2 to 53 GPa. Applied Physics Letters, 84, 2799-2801.

199.  Manoun B., Saxena S. K., Liermann H. P. Gulve R. P., Hoffman E., Barsoum M. W., Hug G., Zha C. S. (2004) Compression of Zr2InC to 52 GPa. Appl. Phys. Lett., 85, 1514-1516.

200  Liermann, H. P., Singh, A. K., Saxena, S. K., Manoun B., Prakapenka V. B., Shen G. (2004). Compression behavior of VC 0.85 up to 53 GPa. International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, 22, 129-132.

201.  Saxena SK , Liermann HP , Shen GY (2004) Formation of iron hydride and high magnetite at high pressure and temperature. Phys. Earth Planet Int., 146, 313-317.

202  Singh A. K., Liermann H. P. , Saxena S. K. (2004) Strength of magnesium oxide under high pressure: evidence for the grain-size dependence Solid State Comm., 132, 795-798.

2-3  Liermann, H. P., Singh, A. K. Manoun, B., Saxena, S. K. and Zha, C.S. (2005) Compression behavior of TaC 0.98 under nonhydrostatic and quasi-hydrostatic pressures up to 76 GPa. International Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, 23, 109–114.

204  Manoun B, Saxena, R. P. Gulve, S. Gupta , Barsoum MW and Zha CS (2005) Compressibility of M 2 AlC (M = Ti, V, Cr, Nb and Ta) phases to above 50 GPa, Submitted to Physical Review B.

205  Manoun B, Saxena and Barsoum MW, Zha CS (2004) Compression of the polycrystalline Ti 4 AlN 3 to 55 GPa. Appl. Phys. Letts. 86, 101906 (2005).

206  Manoun B, Liermann HP, Gulve R, Saxena SK , Zha CS (2004) Compression of Ti 3 Si 0.5 Ge 0.5 C 2 to 53 GPa, Applied Physics Letters, 84, 2799.

207  Manoun B, Saxena SK, Liermann HP, Gulve R, Barsoum MW, Zha CS (2004) Compression of the polycrystalline Zr 2 InC to 52 GPa. Applied Physics Letters, 85, 1514.

208  Manoun B, Saxena SK , Liermann HP, and Barsoum MW (2003) Thermal expansion of polycrystalline Ti 3 SiC 2 in the 25 ° C – 1400 ° C temperature range. Journal of American Ceramic Society.

209  Manoun B, Gateshki MV, Igartua JM, and Saxena SK (2004) Raman study on pressure-induced phase transformation in Sr 2 CaWO 6 double perovskite. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 16 (2004) 8367.

210  Liermann, H. P., Singh, A. K., Manoun B., Saxena, S. K., Prakapenka V. B., Shen G. Compression behavior of VC 0.85 up to 53 GPa. “International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 22(2-3) (2004) 129-132.

211  Liermann, H. P., Singh, A. K., Manoun B., Saxena, C. S. Zha. Compression behavior of VC 0.98 under nonhydrostatic and quasihydrostatic pressures up to 76 GPa. International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials, 23, 109-114 (2005).

212  Saxena, S.K. (2003) Presuure-volume equation of state for solids; Phys.Chem.Solids, 8-9, 1561-1564.

213  Manoun B, Saxena, R. P. Gulve, S. Gupta , Barsoum MW and Zha CS (2005), Compressibility of M 2 AlC (M = Ti, V, Cr, Nb and Ta) phases to above 50 GPa, Physical Review B (In press).

214  Bouchaib Manoun, S. K. Saxena and M. W. Barsoum, X-ray high-pressure study of Ti 2 AlN and Ti 2 AlC, Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids (In press, 2006).

215  Bouchaib Manoun, S. K. Saxena and M. W. Barsoum, X-Ray High-pressure study of a new phase in the ternary Ta-Al-C: Compressibility of Ta 4 AlC 3 under quasi-hydrostatic pressures up to 47 GPa. Appl. Phys. Letter 88, 1 (2006).

216  Bouchaib Manoun, S. K. Saxena and M. W. Barsoum, X-Ray High-pressure study of a new MAX phase in the Ti-Al-C-N system: Compressibility of Ti 3 Al(C,N) 2 to 51 GPa. (under review).

217  Bouchaib Manoun, H. Yang, R. P. Gulve, and S. K. Saxena, A. Ganguly, M. W. Barsoum and Zhenxian Liu, Infrared spectrum and compressibility of Ti 3 GeC 2 to above 51 GPa, (under review).

218  F.X. Zhang, B. Manoun, S.K. Saxena, C.S. Zha, Structure changes of pyrochlore Sm 2 Ti 2 O 7 at high pressures , Appl.Phys.Lett. 86 , 181906(2005).

219  F.X. Zhang, P. Liermann, Hexiong Yang, S.K. Saxena, Thermal expansion measurements and structural transition in GdSi 2 compound. J.Phys.: Conden.Matt., 16, 7787(2004).

220  F.X. Zhang, S. Saxena , Structural changes and pressure-induced amorphization in rare earth titanates RE 2 Ti 2 O 7 (RE:Gd,Sm) with pyrochlore structure, (Chem.Phys.Lett., in press, 2005).

221  F.X. Zhang, S.K. Saxena, Phase stability and thermal expansion property of FeSi 2 . Scripta Materilia, 54, 1375-1377, 2006.

222  F.X. Zhang, B. Manoun, S.K. Saxena, Pressure-induced order-disorder transitions in pyrochlore titanates RE 2 Ti 2 O 7 (RE=Y, Gd), ( Mater.Lett., 2005, in press).

223  F.X. Zhang, B. Manoun, S. Saxena, C.S. Zha, Structural behavior of Bi 2 Sr 2 O 5 at high pressures , (submitted to J.Solid State Chem.).

224  F.X. Zhang, B. Manoun, S. Saxena, C.S. Zha, Pressure-induced structural transitions in layered oxide of Bi 2 SrO 4 (submitted to Appl.Phys.Lett. 2005).

225  F.X. Zhang, B. Manoun, S. Saxena , C.S. Zha, Raman scattering and X-ray diffraction studies of Bi 2 CuO 4 at high pressures , (J. Solid State Chem., In press, 2006).

226  F.X. Zhang, B. Manoun, S. Saxena, C.S. Zha, Pressure-induced phase transitions in SrCuO 2 and formation of a new structure, (under review).

227  F.X. Zhang, S. Saxena, Thermal stability and pressure-induced structural changes in Na x CoO 2 (under review).

228  F.X. Zhang, S.K. Saxena, Structural phase transition of Bi 4 Ti 3 O 12 at high pressure (under review).

229  F.X Zhang, B. Manoun, S.Saxena, Structural behavior in Bi-Sr-O system at high pressures (submitted to J.Solid State Chem. 2005).

230  W. Orellana, G. Gutièrrez, E. Menèndez-Proupin, J. Rogan, G. Garcìa , B. Manoun , S. Saxena , Ab–initio study of Ti 3 Si 0.5 Ge 0.5 C 2 under pressure. J. Phys. Chem. Solids (In press, 2006).

231  A. K. Singh, A. Jain, H. P. Liermann, S. K. Saxena, Strength of iron under pressure up to 55 GPa from x-ray diffraction line-width analysis, J. Phys. Chem. Solids (In press, 2006).

232  Bouchaib Manoun, Brahim El Bali, Surendra K. Saxena and Revansidha P. Gulve , High-pressure studies of SrNi3(P2O7)2 pyrophosphate by Raman spectroscopy. Journal of Molecular Structure

233 B Manoun, J M Igartu, M Gateshki, B El Bali and S K. Saxena Raman scattering study on pressure-induced phase transformation of Sr2CdWO6 double perovskite oxide Submitted to: J. Phys.: Condens. Matter

234  Bouchaib Manouna, Robert T. Downs and Surendra K. Saxena, A high-pressure Raman spectroscopic study of hafnon, HfSiO4, In Press, Amer. Mineral. 2006.

235  B.Manoun, S.K.Saxena and M.W.Barsoum, High pressure study of Ti4AlN3 to 55 GPa. Applied Phys. Letters, 86, 101906 (2005).

236  A. K. Singh, H. P. Liermann, S. K. Saxena, H. K. Mao and S. Usha Devi, Nonhydrostatic compression of gold powder to 60 GPa in a diamond anvil cell: Estimation of compressive strength from x-ray diffraction data. J. Cond. Matter Phys. 25, S969-978 (2006).

237  S. Ghose, M. Krisch, A.R. Oganov, A. Beraud, A. Bossak, R. Gulve, R. Seelaboyina, H. Yang and S.K. Saxena, Lattice dynamics of MgO at high pressure: theory and experiment, . Phys. Rev. Lett. 96 , 035507 (2006).

 

Ph.D. Graduates

 

1.Julia Sykes-Nord: Fe-Mg order-disorder in orthopyroxenes,June,1989. Currently teaching in Alexandria .

 

2. N.Chatterjee: An internally consistent thermodynamic data base on minerals: Application to the Earth's crust and upper mantle. May 25,1990. Senior scientist; MIT.

 

3. M.Bokreta: Energetics of multicomponent garnets: an estimation of thermochemical data and multicomponent solution in garnets. Sept. 1990. Associate Dean, University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia .

 

4. Y.Fei: Thermochemical-thermophysical data on phases in the Mg-Fe-Si-O system: A synthesis of theory and experimental data. May 25, 1990. Senior Staff Scientist, Geophysical Laboratory, CIW, Washington , DC .

 

5. J.Zhang: Experimental study of phase transformation and melting at high pressures: Silica, pyrope and brucite. May 21, 1992.

Senior Scientist Los Alamos National Laboratory.

 

6. E.Majewski: Thermodynamic study of fractures with application to earthquakes. May 21,1992. Scientist, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.

 

7. P.Shi: Thermodynamics of C-H-O fluids: May, 1993. Scientist, Thermo-Calc AB. Stockholm , Sweden .

 

8. P.Lazor: High pressure thermodynamics and phase diagrams of iron, nickel and cobalt. May 1994. Professor, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

 

9. G. Shen: High pressure melting of oxides and silicates with application to Earth's mantle., May 1994. Senior Scientist, HPCAT Synchrotron beam line, Argonne National Lab. Argonne.

 

10. V.Swamy: Thermodynamics of the CaO-MgO-SiO2 system. May, 1996. Senior Scientist, Geological Survey, Melbourne , Australia .

 

11. V. Vinograd: Application of stochastic processes. May, 1996. Research Associate, University of Munchen , Munchen , Germany .

 

12. Fabrichnaya, O.B Thermodynamic study of the FeO-MgO-Al 2 O 3 -SiO 2 system. Data assessment and phase diagram calculation. 1998. Scientists, Max-Planck Institue, Stuttgart , Germany .

 

13. S. Rekhi: Study of the Physical Properties of Metals and Oxides at Extreme Pressure and Temperature Conditions. May 2001, Florida International University . Research Associate, MIT.

 

14. Z. Wang: The Study of Silicates and Refractory Materials at High Pressures and Temperatures. August 2001, Florida International University . Research Associate, Los Alamos National Laboratory.

 

15.  F. Tutti, High Pressure and Temperature Study of Phases in the System Na-K-Al-Si-0. Ph.D.Uppsala University, June 2001.Professor, Tehran Univerisity, Tehran, Iran.

 

Master's Thesis: Over 30.

 

Post-doctoral Fellows :

 

•  Leonid Dubrovinsky, 1995-1999. Currently Senior Scientist, Bayreuth Geophysical Laboratory, Bayreuth , Germany .

•  A. Belonoshko, 1990-1995. Research Associate, Royal Technical University , Stockholm , Sweden .

•  Hans-Peter Liermann; 2001-2004. Scientist, Synchrotron beam line, HPCAT, Argonne National Lab.

•  B. Manoun, Morocco.

•  F. Zhang, University of Michigan.

•  A. Durygin, FIU.

•  V. Drozd, FIU.

•  S.V.Raju, FIU.

•  J. Sowerby, Miami.